There are currently two political parties on Barbuda – the Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party (ABLP) and the Barbuda People’s Movement (BPM)
Central Government is based in Antigua but Barbuda has its own local government – the Barbuda Council. .
Barbuda is part of a three-island state with Antigua and Redonda. After independence in 1981 Antigua and Barbuda remained a monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as the head of state and her representative in the state is the Governor General, currently Sir Rodney Wiliams.
Parliament, situated in St Johns, Antigua, consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, and Representatives (or MPs) are elected by popular vote from 16 constituencies in Antigua, and one in Barbuda. A general election must be held within five years of the previous one. Senators are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister and the leader of the opposition. The Prime Minister heads a Cabinet of ministers who administer the state and all legislation is introduced in the House of Representatives and then passed to the Senate for review and assent – this form of government is modelled on the British parliamentary system.
Gaston Browne is the current Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda, the first time for the ABLP since Lester Bird lost the 2004 election to Baldwin Spencer. Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and joined the Caribbean Single Market and the Caribbean Court of Justice on 30 June 2006.